- The Shortcomings of the Articles of Confederation
- 10 reasons why America’s first constitution failed - National Constitution Center
- Essay: Articles of Confederation
- Why the Articles of Confederation Failed
The Shortcomings of the Articles of Confederation
The Declaration of Independence in , the American Revolution, and the creation of the Articles of Confederation represent the American colonies' first attempt to become a nation. This incubation was tentative at best, but ultimately led to success. As tensions between Britain and the American colonies increased, a series of meetings were called, including that of the Second Continental Congress On July 4, , the delegates approved the Declaration of Independence, the event that marks the birth of the United States.
Thomas Jefferson, a delegate from Virginia, drafted the document primarily as a list of grievances against the king. His most important words, however, clearly shaped the philosophical basis of the new government.
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The famous introduction clearly reflected John Locke's social contract theory : " The British, of course, did not recognize the Declaration and continued to send troops to contain the rebellion. The war continued until , so the new government had to be put in place in a wartime atmosphere. The Articles of Confederation, a compact among the thirteen original states, was written in but not ratified by the states until The loose "league of friendship" that it created reflected the founders' reaction to the central authority of King George III.
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- The Articles of Confederation.
The government gave most powers to the states, and the central government consisted only of a legislature. Above all, the colonists wanted to preserve their liberties, but the central governments' lack of power proved to be disastrous.
10 reasons why America’s first constitution failed - National Constitution Center
It could not regulate trade or keep the states from circulating their own currency. No chief executive could make real decisions, and no national court could settle disputes among states. And perhaps most importantly, they could not efficiently conduct a war nor pay the debts incurred once the war was over. By the new country was in serious economic straits, and states were quarreling over boundary lines and tariffs.
Essay: Articles of Confederation
An economic depression left not only states in trouble, but also many ordinary citizens, such as farmers and merchants, were deep in debt as well. Shays' Rebellion , a revolt by angry farmers in Massachusetts, symbolized the chaos in the country. Even though the Massachusetts militia finally put the rebellion down, it pointed out the inability of the central government to maintain law and order. In reaction, Alexander Hamilton of New York initiated the organization of a meeting in Philadelphia in This convention would eventually throw out the Articles of Confederation and draft the Constitution.
So the freedom that the American Revolution sought to preserve proved to create a government under the Articles of Confederation that could not keep law and order. But the failure of the initial experiment helped the founders to find a more perfect balance between liberty and order in the Constitution they produced in Report broken link. American Government 1. What Is a Democracy?
Democratic Values — Liberty, Equality, Justice 2. The Bill of Rights 3. What Factors Shape Political Attitudes? Voting: A Forgotten Privilege? The Internet in Politics 6.
Most did not know the current situation of the government nor did they care to and they did not know why they were being taxed. Instead they felt they were being taxed unfairly. This led to uprisings such as Shay's Rebellion which threatened the government severely. The government also lacked the power to regulate trade.
A , "[B]y granting to Congress a power to collect moneys from the commerce of these states Continue reading this essay Continue reading.
Why the Articles of Confederation Failed
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